Ask a learner to explain in your own words how he or she understood a task.
How to organise?
Methods: Think-Pair-Share, discussion
Tools: Mentimeter (Open question), Google Presentation
Example from practice: The teacher Anni assigned a math problem assignment to the 8th-grade students.
First of all, the teacher explains the purpose of the assignment and talks about the importance of task understanding in problem-solving. And then ask students to focus on task understanding before solving. The teacher shows on the slide of Google Presentation a short description of the method Think-Pair-Share and instructions to students for work.
Students discuss for three minutes. Then the teacher opens the Mentimeter environment and asks them to write their understanding. After the teacher provide feedback on each answer and correct it, if necessary.
Then the teacher and class have the same understanding of what to do and how students start with problem-solving.
Instructions could write on the slide and show through projector or write them on the learner worksheet.
1. Read the instruction first;
2. Read again;
3. If you understand task requirements, start;
4. If you can’t understand, then … (ask your teacher, classmate)
Ask to read the task and choose which explanation best/correctly describes it.
You can put different explanations (them could be up to 5) on the slide of presentations or present them using some tools for creating a quiz.
Tools: Mentimeter, Kahoot, Quizizz
Share with learners learning outcomes for the lesson and plan of activities.
How to organise?
Tools: Google Presentation
Help to understand/estimate how much time is spent on solving the task and allocate this time.
How to organise
Tool: Mentimetr, tools for survey
Ask students to set goals for certain period of time and to revise the goal regularly.
Example. Hans is a 10th-grade history teacher. With students, he started the new three-week learning project “Old Tallinn”. The goal of the project is to investigate the history of Tallinn city and, according to this information set up a plan for the tour and conduct a tour in the centre of Tallinn.
To support students, he prepared a worksheet using Google Documents, that students will use and fill during the whole project.
At the beginning of the project, Hans introduces the idea of the project to students and ask them to write down their own goal. During project activities, Hans reminds students to check the goal and at the end of the project estimate the achievement.
Tools: Google Document, Google Spreadsheet
Practicing retrieving information from memory.
Elina organises activities for 1st-grade students using the Station Rotation learning model. One station connected with using digital tools, and she uses Quizlet for creating flashcards and quizzes for students. Elina creates learning materials for repeating different topics. Usually, students use their own devices, but if someone hasn’t – school tablet.
Connecting new information to existing knowledge and elaborating on the relationships between them to develop a deeper and more nuanced understanding of the material.
Support students to categorize and organize information.
Guide students to these actions:
Tools: check-list in Google Docs
Usage of quizzes can help learners assess their understanding of material and track their progress over time.
Example: Jüri is a 9th-grade math teacher and sometimes uses the Flipping Classroom model. His students watch the short 5 min video at home. In the classroom, they continue with deep learning tasks. Students asked Jüri to create self-assessment tests. They were interested in better understanding the information in the video. And in addition to learning videos, Jüri creates quizzes or text with gaps using LearningApps or H5P apps. The tests help students to check their understanding of a topic. During a meeting with Jüri, they ask questions or share miss-understanding.
Tools: Kahoot, Quizlet, LearningApps, H5P, Teacher.Desmos, Student.Desmos
In worksheets use prompts – that ask:
Guide students to reflect:
Tools: Google Documents, Google Form